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Govt: Begin surveillance of human population

The Centre has requested 4 states affected by an outbreak of avian influenza, or fowl flu, to start surveillance amongst human population as a precautionary measure. No case amongst people has been reported within the nation to date.

“…It is absolutely critical that appropriate measures for effective containment among bird/poultry population and active surveillance in human population has to be ensured…,” Rajesh Bhushan, secretary of the Union ministry of well being and household welfare, mentioned in a letter to the 4 fowl flu-hit states (Kerala, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh).

The letter requested the states to establish high-risk zones and perform surveillance amongst human habitats. “…further, you are requested to keep vigilance for any unusual death amongst the bird/poultry in the State,” the letter added.

Thousands of birds have died in Kerala (principally poultry), Himachal Pradesh (principally migratory birds), and Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh (principally crows) since December-end. Officials mentioned migratory birds are behind the outbreak. In addition, round 400,000 poultry birds have died in Haryana’s Panchkula over the previous 20 days, sounding alarm bells. Their take a look at stories have been awaited. “No case of human transmission has been reported in India so far, but states have been asked to step up vigil in order to detect warning signs early. High-level teams have also been rushed to these states to take stock of the situation and devise preventive strategies, if required,” mentioned a senior well being ministry official.

The ministry has deployed particular groups in Panchkula, other than Kerala’s Alappuzha and Kottayam districts.

A 3-member central crew took inventory of the state of affairs in Alappuzha, officers mentioned. The crew comprising the Union well being ministry’s public well being specialist Dr Ruchi Jain, Pune National Institute of Virology scientist Dr Shailesh Pawar and Delhi RML Hospital doctor Dr Anith Jindal visited the hotspots within the district.

State authorities have banned the sale of fowl meat and eggs within the affected areas. To present aid to the affected farmers, the state has determined to compensate them for culling their birds.

On Thursday, Madhya Pradesh reported the primary instances of the flu virus spreading from crows to poultry, forcing the state authorities to think about culling of hundreds of fowl. Two samples of poultry birds examined optimistic for avian influenza in two districts, mentioned JN Kansotia, principal secretary, animal husbandry division.

Madhya Pradesh has already banned transportation of poultry from different states to verify the unfold. The state has additionally banned the sale of chickens and eggs inside a radius of 1km of the affected areas in Indore for seven days, officers mentioned.

In Neemuch, all meat and egg outlets have been shut. “Two days ago, 40 crows were found dead in Neemuch but bird flu is yet to be confirmed in the crows. As a precautionary measure, we ordered closing of all meat and egg shops,” mentioned district collector Jittendra Singh Raje.

Odisha heaved a sigh of aid after exams of 11,000 poultry birds got here unfavorable. The samples have been examined after 120 birds died in a poultry farm in Kurda.

In Jharkhand, the animal husbandry division has despatched 700 samples of poultry birds and 4 crows that have been discovered useless in Jubilee Park in Jamshedpur to the Research Disease Diagnostic Lab, Kolkata, for exams.

(with inputs from HTC in Ranchi, Bhubaneswar and Bhopal)

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