WHILE holding comparatively liberal views in the case of US politics, Indian Americans are conservative in the case of points again in India, a survey of the neighborhood has discovered.
For instance, it says, “Hindus and non-Hindus agree (the latter more so) that white supremacy is a threat in the United States, but significantly diverge on the threat posed by Hindu majoritarianism in India.”
The on-line survey, carried out in September 2020 by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Johns Hopkins University, and the University of Pennsylvania, lined 1,200 Indian American grownup residents. The second largest immigrant group in the US, Indian Americans quantity round 4.2 million, of which 38% are non-citizens.
On the problem of China too, the neighborhood was break up. “Indian Americans are divided about US efforts to strengthen India’s military as a check against China. Foreign-born Indian Americans and those who identify as Republicans are more supportive of US efforts to support India militarily than their US-born and Democratic counterparts…” the survey discovered. Overall, Indian Americans held a extra unfavourable view of China than the overall US inhabitants.
A bit over half believed Hindu majoritarianism was a risk to minorities in India, whereas as many as 73% noticed white supremacy in the US as a risk to minorities. Only 40% of the Hindus have been apprehensive of Hindu majoritarianism, in comparison with 67% of the non-Hindus.
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On whether or not India was “on the right track”, 36% agreed, whereas 39% felt this isn’t the case. Far extra foreign-born Indian Americans thought positively of the route in which India goes than US-born Indian Americans.
The largest chunk of the inhabitants, 35%, recognized themselves as “pro-India” however essential of a few of the present authorities’s insurance policies. Another 23% have been additionally pro-India however essential of many politics. Seventeen per cent have been optimistic about each India and the present authorities.
On particular points, the bulk both strongly or considerably supported the plans for a National Register of Citizens and the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, at 55% and 51% respectively. However, they have been against the usage of police power on peaceable protesters, and of defamation and sedition legal guidelines towards reporters and others essential of the Modi authorities.
Asked about caste concerns in college admissions, the neighborhood was divided. However, in response to considerably parallel points in the US context, Indian Americans have been distinctly extra liberal. For instance, 60% opposed former US President Donald Trump’s 2017 ban on arrivals from sure Muslim-majority international locations and 54% supported affirmative motion in US training methods.
While the bulk thought US assist for India was simply what it needs to be at present, 24% believed the nation was not useful sufficient, and 12% mentioned the fact was simply the other.
Among the challenges going through India, authorities corruption ranked highest (18% cited it), adopted by economic system (15%), non secular majoritarianism (10%), healthcare (8%), China (7%), terrorism (7%), caste discrimination (6%), training (6%), earnings inequality (5%), local weather change (4%), and sexism (4%).
Most respondents (40%) didn’t decide any get together when requested about an Indian political get together they recognized with, however a 3rd (33%) selected the BJP, 12% went for the Congress, and 16% picked the others.
The survey additionally discovered a correlation between supporters of Modi and the BJP and those that again the Republican Party. Modi remained the best choice amongst Hindus (69% authorised of him), getting 20% to 33% assist amongst different communities. By occupation, Modi had probably the most assist amongst engineers (61%) than non-engineers (48%).
Roughly 16% of the neighborhood supported non secular organisations in India in the final yr. Interestingly, US-born Indian Americans are extra doubtless to take action (at 21%) than those that are foreign-born (13%). Overall, 20% supported a secular nonprofit organisation in India over the previous yr.