India is at present battling the second wave of Covid-19. And whilst we look forward to the tide to flip and for vaccinations to catch up, we’ve to reckon with one other rising danger, that of mucormycosis including to the hazard of Covid-19, mentioned Dr Atul Patel, infectious illness specialist, Sterling Hospital, Ahmedabad.
“Mucormycosis is a fungal infection that has a high mortality rate of 50 per cent and an increasing number of Covid-19 patients have been developing this infection while still at the hospital or after discharge,” he advised indianexpress.com.
Here are 4 issues you ought to know about this infection, a few of the widespread signs of which embrace sinusitis, blackish nasal discharge, facial ache, complications, and ache round the eyes.
Both symptomatic and asymptomatic sufferers with Covid-19 could also be in danger
Patients who’ve been hospitalised for Covid-19 and significantly those that require oxygen remedy throughout Covid-19 sickness are at a a lot increased danger of mucormycosis. “However, we have also observed some cases of mucormycosis in patients with an asymptomatic Covid-19 infection who were not even aware of their diagnosis. This is why everyone needs to be aware of the symptoms of mucormycosis so that they can watch out for them,” mentioned Dr Patel.
Diabetes and Covid-19 enhance the danger of mucormycosis
Before the pandemic, sufferers with uncontrolled diabetes had been at a better danger of mucormycosis as a result of the high blood sugar levels made it simpler for the fungi to develop and survive, and their weaker immune programs supplied much less safety towards the infection. During the pandemic, if contaminated by the virus, the danger of mucormycosis rises for these sufferers for 2 causes. “First is that Covid-19 further impairs their immune system and second, they are given corticosteroids for their treatment it leads to a rise in their blood sugar level thus increasing their risk of mucormycosis. This combination of diabetes and Covid-19, therefore, becomes a dangerous and deadly challenge to manage,” he defined.
A sinus infection may very well be a symptom of mucormycosis
Symptoms of mucormycosis could seem non-threatening at first. But it’s important that sufferers and their caregivers acknowledge these early and get the therapy required to include the state of affairs. The vital factor is that sufferers converse to their physician and follow-up in the event that they expertise any of those.
Treatment is obtainable however should be given instantly
Today, we’ve a variety of medication and anti-fungal medicines that may deal with mucormycosis. These are given by IV or taken orally. Surgery is required to take away the affected useless tissues together with antifungal remedy. However, the important issue is that therapy should be given shortly and promptly to scale back the risk of great penalties.
“Research is currently underway to understand more about the association between mucormycosis and Covid-19. Nonetheless, it is vital that we continue to keep our guard up, be alert to any possible symptom and get the necessary medical treatment as quickly as possible. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can make the impact of this fungal infection deadlier,” he mentioned.