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PCOS and Endometriosis: How to spot the signs

By: Lifestyle Desk | New Delhi |

Updated: September 19, 2020 12:36:00 pm

PCOS and Endometriosis: How to spot the signsPCOS is so widespread in ladies in
their 20s that each 1 in 5 ladies undergo it, whereas endometriosis is identified in ladies, who’re in
between their 30s and 40s, stated the skilled. (Photo: Getty Images/Thinkstock)
Women usually find yourself ignoring their well being, and this may typically lead to critical points like a reproductive disorder. “It has been seen that health conditions like PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) and endometriosis are often gone undiagnosed as women feel that certain symptoms are variations of a normal menstrual cycle. “PCOS is so common in women in their 20s that every 1 in 5 women go through it, while endometriosis is diagnosed in women, who are in between their 30s and 40s,” stated Dr Sandeep Chadha, marketing consultant obstetrician and gynecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Noida.

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Here are some variations and similarities between the two, and when it’s time to go to your physician:

What is PCOS?

PCOS is a typical hormonal dysfunction in ladies during which ovaries produce too many male hormones leading to irregular or absent menstrual durations, weight achieve, hair development in uncommon locations like your face, neck, or stomach, thinning hair in your scalp, zits in your face, chest, or again, and infertility points.
pcos, fertility, pregnancy You are extra inclined to growing this dysfunction you probably have a household historical past of PCOS, weight problems or diabetes. (Source: Getty Images)
“But with the changing times, there has been difficulty in diagnosis of the condition. Experts suggest that they have been seeing many such women, who do not have all the classic symptoms but they still have been diagnosed with PCOS. While the cause of PCOS is still unclear, but genetics are thought to play a role and high levels of insulin and androgens exacerbate the problem. Excess insulin, which can lead to weight gain, is thought to boost androgen production in the ovaries. So, you are more prone to developing this disorder if you have a family history of PCOS, obesity or diabetes,” she advised indianexpress.com.

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a situation during which the lining of the uterus, generally known as endometrium, grows exterior the uterus or on different areas akin to the ovaries, the outer floor of the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the vagina, the cervix, and even on the bladder or rectum. If a lady has the situation, she may have immensely painful durations with pelvic and lower back pain, ache throughout or after intercourse, ache whereas utilizing the lavatory, extreme bleeding, digestive issues, and infertility are additionally widespread signs.

“With a typical menstrual cycle, your endometrium thickens, breaks down, bleeds, and exits your body through the uterus each month. Like PCOS, endometriosis can be difficult to diagnose. Endometriosis is also challenging to diagnose because some women will have no symptoms, and other women who have all of the symptoms above may not necessarily have endometriosis. The exact reason behind endometriosis is also unknown. There are several theories, but none explain all aspects of the disorder,” she defined.

Can you could have each?

Unfortunately, you’ll be able to have each, stated the skilled. She added that many mix-and-match prospects can current themselves in ladies affected by each, however the most typical overlapping symptom is infertility.

ALSO READ | Count on these handy tips to prevent and manage polycystic ovarian syndrome

“The regularity of your menstrual cycle and hormone testing can help differentiate between the two conditions. It is more common to see endometriosis present in women with regular cycles. However, if a patient with PCOS reports significant pelvic pain, this raises the possibility of another condition being present with PCOS, such as uterine fibroids or endometriosis, since PCOS does not cause pain during periods,” she stated.

However, any time should you expertise particularly painful or irregular cycles, discover irregular hair development, or battle with infertility, then it’s time to go to your physician.

What you are able to do

There are not any identified cures for PCOS or endometriosis, however each are treatable and the signs may be managed as soon as appropriately identified. PCOS may be managed by means of hormonal contraception tablets, which may help stage hormones and subsequently regulate durations. If you’re making an attempt to get pregnant and can’t take contraception, then a physician suggests some hormone remedy medicines. For endometriosis, you’ll be able to take an extended-cycle tablet, which suggests you could have a number of durations or eliminating your interval fully. A hormonal intrauterine gadget (IUD) is another choice. It may be inserted to assist cut back ache and bleeding. Surgery for endometriosis might enhance your probabilities of being pregnant, relying on how in depth the situation has turn out to be, she stated.

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