Punjab, Chandigarh,TN, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kerala top performers in school education
NEW DELHI: The Performance Grading Index (PGI) of the States/UTs in the sphere of school education comes with excellent news in addition to main considerations. Punjab, Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Kerala occupy the best grade A++ in 2019-20 in the sphere of school education as per PGI launched on Sunday by the Ministry of Education (MoE). However, in the governance and administration area 24 States/ UTs have scored lower than 80% of the utmost potential rating of 360.
Infrastructure and amenities is the second greatest concern with 20 States/ UTs having scored lower than 80% of most potential rating of 150 in this area.
The grading index which analyses the efficiency of States on 70 parameters, has put Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Rajasthan, Puducherry, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the A+ class.
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Punjab has scored most factors for governance and administration, Bihar and Meghalaya have scored the bottom in phrases of infrastructure and amenities.
On the brighter facet, two States, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Odisha have proven marked enhancements in the infrastructure area between 2019-20 and 2018-19, indicating that the States and UTs have began to take motion for enhancing their infrastructure and amenities, albeit by various extent.
Overall 13 States/ UTs have proven enchancment by 10% level in the area of infrastructure and amenities. Nineteen States/ UTs have proven enchancment by 10% level or extra in the area of governance course of. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan and West Bengal have proven enchancment by at the very least 20% level.
“While it is common knowledge that shortage of teachers and principals and administrative staff, lack of regular supervision and inspection, inadequate training of the teachers, timely availability of finances (all of which are captured in the governance and management domain) are some of the factors plaguing the education system in the country, it is for the first time that there is a reliable tool that corroborates this,” the report said whereas reasoning the weak performances in the area of governance.
For infrastructure the index checked out indicators “like availability of ICT facilities and timely availability of textbooks and uniforms, which are critical inputs for better performance of students (and mentioned in the RTE Act).”
“Through the PGI, the shortfalls could be measured objectively and frequently. This is essential for taking obligatory steps to get rid of the gaps,” it added.
In case of studying outcomes, it has been noticed that, in normal, “the scores obtained in the higher standards are less than those in the lower standards,” and as per the report, “it is therefore, imperative to ensure better interventions at the lower standards as it will have a positive cascading effect at the higher levels. The forthcoming NAS would provide more clarity in quantifying the improvements in learning outcomes.”
The PGI for states and union territories was first printed in 2019 with reference yr 2017-18. The PGI for 2019-20 is the third publication in this sequence.
The PGI train envisages that the index would propel States/ UTs in direction of endeavor multi-pronged interventions that can convey in regards to the a lot-desired optimum education outcomes. The index helps the States/ UTs to pinpoint the gaps and accordingly prioritise areas for intervention to make sure that the school education system is strong at each stage.
As per the index, most of the States/ UTs have improved their grade in PGI 2019-20 in comparison with the sooner years. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Puducherry, Punjab and Tamil Nadu have improved total PGI rating by 10% level, whereas Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Odisha have proven greater than 10% level enchancment in the area of fairness.