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Timeline: Italian marines case — from 2012 fishermen killings to SC quashing criminal cases

The Supreme Court Monday directed the closure of criminal proceedings in India in opposition to two Italian marines, accused of killing two fishermen off the Kerala coast in February 2012.

A trip bench of Justices Indira Banerjee and M R Shah quashed the FIR and proceedings emanating from the case in opposition to the 2 Italian marines Massimilano Latorre and Salvatore Girone. The bench stated that as per the worldwide arbitral award accepted by India, the Republic of Italy shall resume additional investigation within the case. The prime courtroom termed the Rs 10 crore compensation paid by the Republic of Italy over and above the fee already made as “reasonable and adequate”.

Here’s a timeline of what occurred over the past 9 years:

February 15, 2012: Two fishermen – Jelestine and Ajeesh Pinku – who had gone deep sea fishing from the Neendakara Fishing Harbour, have been shot dead in the seas off the Ambalapuzha coast in Kerala. The incident reportedly came about in worldwide waters. The ship from which the fishermen have been fired upon was recognized because the Enrica Lexie, officers of which claimed they thought the fishermen have been pirates.

February 17, 2012: The Italian oil tanker is introduced to Kochi after the Indian Navy alleged the Italian crew flouted counter-piracy measures, which consequently resulted within the ship’s armed guards, Italian army personnel, gunning down two Indian fishermen.

February 19, 2012: Kerala Police arrest the 2 Italian marines — Latorre Massimiliano and Salvatore Girone — who allegedly shot on the fishermen.

February 22, 2012: The Italian authorities strikes Kerala High Court to quash the FIR in opposition to the 2 marines stating that below the rules of worldwide legislation and conventions, together with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Indian courts don’t have any jurisdiction to register against the law in reference to the incident.

April 20, 2012: The authorized heirs of the 2 deceased fishermen inform the Kerala High Court {that a} settlement for paying a compensation of Rs 1 crore to every bereaved household has been reached between the Italian authorities representatives and them.

April 30, 2012: The Supreme Court, nevertheless, calls the settlement “illegal and astonishing” and says that Italy was “playing” with Indian legislation.

May 18, 2021: A chargesheet is filed by the Neendakara Coastal Police displaying Lattore as the primary accused and Girone because the second accused.

May 20, 2012: Italy recalls its Ambassador to India to categorical unhappiness over the chargesheet being filed in opposition to the marines.

June 2, 2012: After 105 days in custody, the 2 Italian marines are lastly launched on bail to attend Christmas celebrations again dwelling. They return after the celebrations are over.

February 22, 2013: The Supreme Court permits the marines to go to their nation to vote within the February 24 and 25 elections.

March 11, 2013: Italy says marines received’t return to India. Following this, the Supreme Court restrains the-then Ambassador Daniele Mancini from leaving the nation with out its permission.

July 26, 2015: Italy moves the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.

August 24, 2015: The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea places a established order on the case and asks each, India and Italy, to droop all courtroom proceedings and chorus from initiating new ones that may irritate or lengthen the dispute that triggered a diplomatic row.

August 26, 2015: Supreme Court suspends proceedings in opposition to marines.

July 3, 2020: The Permanent Court of Arbitration in Hague guidelines that the 2 marines won’t be tried in India, and face criminal proceedings in Italy. It additional stated New Delhi was entitled to compensation and requested India and Italy to seek the advice of on the quantity of compensation due.

April 9, 2021: The Supreme Court of India asks the Centre to deposit in its account the Rs 10 crore compensation given by the Italian authorities for the kin of the fishermen killed by Italian marines off the coast of Kerala in 2012. While the members of the family of the 2 deceased fishermen will probably be given Rs 4 crore every, the injured proprietor of the boat will probably be paid Rs 2 crore in damages, the Centre stated.

June 15, 2021: The Supreme Court orders the closure of proceedings in India in opposition to two Italian marines, accused of killing two fishermen off the Kerala coast in February 2012.

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