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Tough questions don’t make a good exam paper: NTA chief Dr Vineet Joshi – Times of India

NEW DELHI
: First, it changed pen and paper-primarily based public assessments with laptop-primarily based exams. Now, the National Testing Agency goals to vary how query papers are set and it may quickly be the most important check-conducting company on the earth. Since its creation in 2018, the company has altered some of the most important public examinations in India. Nearly 1.5 crore aspirants have written assessments carried out by the company thus far, for programs starting from skilled programs like engineering and medication to state olympiads. Dr Vineet Joshi, director common, NTA, speaks solely to The Times of India and tells Manash Pratim Gohain about how the company has modified exams in India, conducting exams throughout the pandemic and what makes for a good query paper.

What are the professionals and cons of laptop-primarily based fashions?


The greatest benefit of the pc-primarily based check is the candidates have the liberty and the pliability to vary their solutions. Many instances a candidate feels that she or he has not been given the complete three hours as a result of any person would possibly say that the paper was given late, or it was collected early. On a laptop-primarily based check you may see within the clock on the pc that you’ve got the entire three hours.

In a laptop-primarily based check, for the reason that logistics concerned turns into very small, we are able to set up it in lots of cities. Also since we’re capable of declare outcomes quick, we’re additionally capable of conduct some exams twice a yr that have been earlier being carried out solely as soon as a yr.

How does NTA guarantee the identical tough degree, error-free translation and normalization course of for exams written a number of instances over a number of classes?

We be certain that each group which is showing in a single shift are of comparable sort and that’s determined randomly. We be certain that the male feminine ratio, the ratio between varied classes, the ratio of candidates showing from throughout totally different states is comparable.

After that, if there was any distinction within the problem degree, we equate these totally different candidates on the idea of percentile, after which we resolve the rank.


What are the initiatives NTA is to implement beneath the New Education Policy?


As far as NTA’s position in enchancment in entrance examinations is worried, the coverage says that there can be one examination which can be carried out for admission to larger academic establishments. It will consist of two elements — the aptitude check and the topic check.

This may be voluntarily taken by all the schools throughout the nation in order that it reduces the burden on the candidate.

What now we have been advised by the Ministry of Education is for the upcoming tutorial session (2021-22), if all the things goes nice, the admission to larger academic establishments, particularly within the central universities, may occur in a via one entrance examination. Things are nonetheless beneath dialogue, and a last resolution must be taken.

What has been the most important problem the NTA confronted?

To change the mindset of the query paper-setters. The similar goes for people who find themselves taking the assessments. In India, what is usually accepted is that a tough query paper is a higher query paper. And that candidates who’re doing nicely, are higher.

But problem doesn’t imply you created a check of a larger degree. Difficulty might be difficult a candidate by sustaining the identical degree at which she or he is finding out, whereas making it fascinating, extra utility-oriented, bringing three 4 ideas collectively and nonetheless making it tough.

Unfortunately, what now we have been doing thus far in most of our exams is that we raised the issue degree. This results in candidates getting pissed off. They don’t take a lot curiosity in no matter they’re studying contained in the classroom and so they additionally really feel that no matter is being realized contained in the classroom is ineffective.

NTA has emerged as one of the biggest exam conducting our bodies globally. Can it match international requirements?


We are already conducting a very large aggressive examination on the pan-India degree. Though in phrases of numbers you’ll say that it is China’s Gaokao (The National College Entrance Examination), which has about one crore plus candidates. But it’s carried out solely in a few languages.

For NEET, now we have carried out it for 16 lakh candidates in 11 languages. So, doing such a large examination in these many languages is the primary of its form globally. With our following the most effective practices of the world, that are there in phrases of making certain validity and the reliability we’re on the trail to turn into one of the most effective companies on the earth.

What are the professionals and cons of laptop-primarily based fashions?

The greatest benefit of the pc-primarily based check is the candidate has the liberty and the pliability to vary their solutions. Many a instances a candidate feels she or he has not been given the complete three hours as a result of any person would possibly say that the paper was given late, or it was collected early. On a laptop-primarily based check you may examine the clock on the pc to verify you’ve got the complete three hours.

Since the logistics concerned are lesser, we are able to organise it in lots of cities. Also, since we’re capable of declare outcomes sooner, we’re capable of conduct some exams twice a yr.

How does NTA guarantee the identical problem degree, error-free translation and normalisation course of for exams written a number of instances over a number of classes?

We be certain that each group showing in a single shift is of comparable sort and that’s determined randomly. We be certain that the male-to-feminine ratio, the ratio between varied classes, ratio of candidates showing from totally different states is comparable. After that, if there was any distinction in problem degree, we equate these totally different candidates on the idea of percentile, after which resolve the rank.

What initiatives will NTA implement beneath the brand new schooling coverage (NEP)?

As far as NTA’s position in enchancment in entrance examinations is worried, the coverage says that there can be one examination that can be carried out for admission to larger academic establishments. It will consist of two elements – the aptitude check and the topic check. This may be voluntarily undertaken by all universities throughout the nation in order that it reduces the burden on the candidate. What now we have been advised by the ministry of schooling is for the upcoming tutorial session (2021-22), if all the things goes nice, the admission to larger academic establishments, particularly in central universities, may occur via one entrance examination. Things are nonetheless beneath dialogue.

What has been the most important problem the NTA confronted?

To change the mindset of the query-paper setters. The similar goes for people who find themselves taking the assessments. In India, what is usually accepted is that a tough query paper is a higher query paper. And that candidates who’re doing nicely, are higher. But problem doesn’t imply you created a check of a larger degree. Difficulty might be difficult a candidate by sustaining the identical degree at which she or he is finding out, whereas making it fascinating, extra utility-oriented, bringing three, 4 ideas collectively.

Unfortunately, what now we have been doing thus far in most of our exams is that we raised the issue degree. This results in candidates getting pissed off. They don’t take a lot curiosity in no matter they’re studying contained in the classroom and likewise really feel that no matter is being realized contained in the classroom is ineffective.

NTA has emerged as one of the biggest exam conducting our bodies globally. Can it match international requirements?

We are already conducting a very large aggressive examination at a pan-India degree. Though in phrases of numbers you’ll say that it is China’s Gaokao (the nation’s nationwide faculty entrance examination) that’s the largest exam with about one crore-plus candidates. But it’s carried out solely in a few languages. For NEET, now we have carried out it for 16 lakh candidates in 11 languages. So, doing such a large examination in these many languages is the primary of its form globally. With our following the most effective practices of the world, that are there in phrases of making certain validity and the reliability we’re on the trail to changing into one of the most effective exam conducting companies on the earth.



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