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What is the calcium score test to detect risk of heart attacks all about?

Heart-attack, in accordance to Mayo Clinic, “occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked. The blockage is most often a buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances, which form a plaque in the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries).” It is liable for many deaths round the world.

“A heart attack is a wake-up call for all of us. Especially for the younger generation, as deaths from heart disease are increasing in the country. Calcium scoring is a newer method to predict the risk of heart attack in the future, and the purpose of detecting calcium in arteries is to customise the lifestyle and reduce this risk,” mentioned Dr Ashok Seth, Chairman – Fortis Escorts Heart Institute.

Now a brand new screening technique — calcium scoring test — is getting used to assist forestall unexpected deaths.

What is the test all about?

Through the test, the quantity of calcium in the coronary artery is decided by way of a specialised CT imaging – confirming the whole space being occupied and the density.

It has been discovered that whereas calcium is an essential part for our bones, calcium in coronary arteries may be a further risk issue for heart illnesses. Calcium build-up or plaque is made up of fatty substances or LDL ldl cholesterol and fibrin. The build-ups might stay steady in the arteries however finally, they will change into infected and rupture, forming a blood clot that may trigger a heart assault.

heart disease An individual’s calcium score is extremely correlated with cardiovascular loss of life and the probabilities of having a heart assault or stroke, with the larger scores representing a better risk for subsequent occasions in the coming years. (Source: Getty photos)

Therefore, the coronary calcium scoring test is efficient in pre-determining the risk of heart attacks. The test allows direct visualisation of the quantity of calcium deposit in coronary arteries. While a zero score means no calcium is seen, suggesting a low likelihood of heart assault throughout subsequent a long time, larger the score, larger is the risk of a heart illness. A score of 100-300 means reasonable risk, and a score larger than 400 could also be an indicator of blockage in the coronary artery.

The whole test takes 10-Quarter-hour, whereas the scan time is solely 5-15 seconds, with low radiation.

Dr Peeyush Jain, director, non-interventional cardiology and head of division – preventive well being verify, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, mentioned, “Calcium scoring test helps cardiologists to know the risk of heart disease for future. It is painless, safe, and carries a low risk of side-effects. Calcium scoring is a method to fine-tune the risk and to devise methods to prevent further progression of blockages of arteries.”

An individual’s calcium score is extremely correlated with cardiovascular loss of life and the probabilities of having a heart assault or stroke, with the larger scores representing a better risk for subsequent occasions in the coming years.

Treatment may start with cholesterol-lowering medicine alongside heart-healthy way of life modifications together with extra train and dietary modifications. Dr Mona Bhatia, director and head of division, radiology, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, mentioned, “Calcium scoring is now incorporated in the guidelines globally to enhance the risk assessment and treatment. This scan is useful for the patient who is thought to have an uncertain risk for heart disease. It also motivates a lot of people with moderate heart disease risk to make lifestyle changes for the better.”

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