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World Pneumonia Day 2020: Know about the signs and symptoms of the infection

By: Lifestyle Desk | New Delhi |

November 12, 2020 10:50:36 am

World Pneumonia Day 2020: Know about the signs and symptoms of the infectionViral pneumonia is commonly delicate and subsides inside a number of weeks. (Photo: Pixabay)“Approximately 3.7 lakh children die of pneumonia annually in India. This accounts for 50 per cent of the world’s pneumonia deaths. The condition can range from mild to life-threatening and is most serious in infants, young children, senior citizens, and people with compromised immune systems,” says Dr Satish KS, Senior advisor for Pulmonology at Fortis Hospital.

He provides that pneumonia, attributable to organisms like micro organism, viruses, and fungi, is a contagious infection that inflames the air sacs current in the lungs with fluid or pus which ends up in cough, fever, chills, and issue in respiratory.

READ| 14 per cent of India’s under-five deaths due to pneumonia: Report

What causes pneumonia?

“Bacteria are the most common cause of pneumonia, that can occur on its own or develop after viral infections. Several different types of bacteria can cause pneumonia, including, Streptococcus pneumonia, Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumonia and more,” factors out Dr KS. 

However, he provides that whereas viral pneumonia is commonly delicate and subsides inside a number of weeks, in some instances, the severity of the situation might require instant medical intervention. 

“Fungal pneumonia is seen in people with chronic health problems or weakened immune systems which are often caused by bacteria including, Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), Coccidioidomycosis, and Cryptococcus,” says the physician.

What are the symptoms of pneumonia?

The signs and symptoms depend upon particular person instances and differ from delicate to extreme. Not solely that, nevertheless it additionally relies on different components resembling the sort of germ inflicting the illness, the affected person’s age and total well being. Some of the outstanding symptoms of pneumonia embrace:

  • Fever with chills and rigours
  • Severe cough with or with out blood-tinged phlegm
  • Breathlessness
  • Chest ache
  • Tiredness

How to forestall pneumonia?

It is advisable to consult your medical professional and get the flu or pneumonia shot that can help prevent the disease,” suggests Dr KS. If you will have kids who’re youthful than two years, get them vaccinated too as quickly as potential since they pose the next danger of contracting the illness.

Make certain everybody practices good hygiene. “It is imperative to protect yourself against respiratory infections that may lead to pneumonia. Thus, wash your hands regularly and use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer” says Dr KS. Lastly, get sufficient sleep, eat clear and train for no less than half-hour every single day.

“While preventive measures are essential to keep the infection at bay, consulting your medical professional in case of queries is advisable,” says the physician.

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