The psychologists studied the impact of train on features related with voluntary regulation and management in 16 children with ADHD aged six to seven years. The outcomes of the research had been revealed within the journal Biological Psychiatry.
“For children with ADHD, as a rule, the part of the brain that is responsible for the regulation of brain activity – the reticular formation – is deficient,” mentioned Sergey Kiselev, head of the Laboratory of Brain and Neurocognitive Development at UrFU, head of the research.
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He added, “This leads to the fact that they often experience states of inadequate hyperactivity, increased distraction and exhaustion, and their functions of regulation and control suffer a second time. We used a special breathing exercise based on the development of diaphragmatic rhythmic deep breathing – belly breathing. Such breathing helps to better supply the brain with oxygen and helps the reticular formation to better cope with its role. When the reticular formation receives enough oxygen, it begins to better regulate the child’s state of activity”.
In addition to breathing exercises, psychologists used physique-oriented methods, particularly, exercises with polar states “tension-relaxation”. The coaching befell thrice every week for 2 to three months (relying on this system).
“Exercise has an immediate effect that appears immediately, but there is also a delayed effect. We found that exercise has a positive effect on regulation and control functions in children with ADHD and one year after the end of the exercise. This happens because the child’s correct breathing is automated, it becomes a kind of assistant that allows a better supply of oxygen to the brain, which, in turn, has a beneficial effect on the behavior and psyche of a child with ADHD,” says Sergey Kiselev.
This approach was developed by the Russian neuropsychologist Anna Semenovich as half of a neuropsychological correction approach. UrFU psychologists examined how effectively this strategy helps children with ADHD.
But the research is pilot, says Kiselev. It confirmed that these exercises have a optimistic impact. However, extra work wants to be finished, involving extra children with ADHD. This may also keep in mind elements equivalent to gender, age, the severity of the illness, concomitant issues in children (speech, regulatory, and so forth.).
Attention deficit hyperactivity dysfunction is a dysfunction related with impaired improvement of the kid’s nervous system. Most usually it manifests itself on the age of seven or initially of common training. ADHD is characterised by inattention, extreme exercise, and impulsive habits.
Since 2013, the Laboratory of the Brain and Neurocognitive Development of UrFU has been conducting analysis on the maturation of the mind and psychological processes in usually creating children, in addition to in children with deviant improvement, particularly, these in danger of creating autism and ADHD, children with average traumatic mind harm severity. The laboratory is one of the main Russian facilities for the research of mind improvement and neurocognitive processes in children.